Are results and findings the same?

The Results section (also sometimes called Findings) of an empirical research article describes what researchers found when analyzing their data. Its main purpose is to use the data collected to answer the research questions posed in the introduction, even if the findings challenge the hypothesis. The results section is where you report the main findings of the collection and analysis of data that you carried out for your thesis or dissertation. You must report all relevant results concisely and objectively, in a logical order.

Don't include subjective interpretations about why you found these results or what they mean. Any evaluation should be saved for the discussion section. The amount of textual description used will depend on how much interpretation of tables and figures is necessary and how many examples the reader needs to understand the importance of the findings of his research. By writing clearly and concisely and by highlighting and explaining the crucial findings of their study, authors increase the impact and effectiveness of their research manuscripts.

The results section of a scientific research article represents the main findings of a study derived from the methods applied to collect and analyze information. The results section should objectively report your findings, presenting only brief observations in relation to each question, hypothesis, or topic. So, if you used “findings” the first time, you should use only that throughout the document and not switch between “findings” and “results”. Tables and figures are central components of the results section, and you should think carefully about the most effective way to use graphics and tables to present your findings.

Separating the data into separate graphs focusing on specific aspects makes it easier for the reader to evaluate the findings, and the consolidation of this information into a single figure saves space and makes it easier to find the most relevant results.